Rajasthan, formerly known by the name Rajputana or the land of kings, is the largest state in the Republic of India. It covers an area of 342,239 square kilometers, which is 10.4% of India. However, despite its large size, it is covered by the Great Indian Desert, Thar. The Thar desert runs parallel to the valley of the Sutlej-Indus river. Being situated in the forefront of Indian civilization, the state of Rajasthan has seen the age of the kings therefore, explaining the nickname ‘the land of the kings’.
Rajasthan hosts an impressive display of arts and architecture, courtesy of being a princely state. Each individual kingdom of Rajasthan has a distinctive style of architecture and arts that make it one of the most culturally diverse places in the world.
Jaipur – The Pink City
The state capital, Jaipur is also the largest city in the princely state of Rajasthan. It was founded in 1727 by the ruler Kajwaha Rajput Sawai Jaisingh II, who was the ruler of Amber. Also known by the nickname “Pink City of India”, which is due to the distinctive saffron or pink color of the buildings. The planning of the city was carried out in accordance with the Vedic Vastu Shastra (Indian architecture). The well-planned streets and the detailed and artistic architecture make it one of the main favorite tourist places.
Udaipur – City of Lakes
Venice of the East, the city of Udaipur is known for its common moniker, the city of lakes. The city was the capital of the Sisodiya Rajputs of Mewar and is famous for its palaces that exemplify the fineness of Rajputana style architecture. Udaipur was founded in 1553 by the ruler of Sisodiya Rajput Maharana Udai Singh II. The Rajputs of Mewar founded the city to move their capital from Chittor to a safer place. Today, most of the palaces have been converted into hotels, thus attracting a huge no. of tourists to this city.
Jodhpur- The Blue City
The second largest city of Rajasthan, Jodhpur is also the second most populous city of Rajasthan after Jaipur. The city was founded in 1459 by the Rathore Rajput ruler, Rao Jodha Singh of Marwar. The city was founded as the new capital of Marwar after the fall of the former capital of Mandore. Jodhpur is also called the Sun City, as it enjoys bright sunny weather throughout the year. Strategically, it is considered to be the most important city of Western Rajasthan, as it is only at a distance of 250 kilometers from the Indo-Pakistan border.
Jaisalmer – Golden City
The city of Jaisalmer is located in the heart of the Thar desert. The city was founded by the ruler Bhati Rajput Maharawal Jaisal Singh in 1156 AD and gets its name from the golden sands of the Thar desert and the same golden sandstone used in the architecture of the city. This is a famous tourist place due to its magnificent architecture and the various arts and crafts that are unique to this region. It develops in tourism, and can be called a home away from home by a huge no. of tourists from all over the world.
The city of Bikaner was founded in 1488 by the Rathore Rajput ruler Rao Bika. Rao Bika was the son of Rathore ruler Rao Jodha who founded Jodhpur. The land was usurped from the rival Jat rulers of that time. However, no matter how many wars the ancient city has seen in the past, today Bikaner is another main tourist destination and is famous for its sweets and snacks. The place is known for its forts and food.
Lying in the Ajmer district of Rajasthan, the holy city of Pushkar is often described as the king of the pilgrimage sites in India. The city is located on the shores of Pushkar Lake, which was created by the tears of Lord Shiva and is one of the oldest cities in India and the date of its origin is unknown and is often associated with Hindu mythology. It is famous for its temples and several Ghats that are frequented by hundreds of visitors during the annual bath. The water of the lake is considered sacred and therefore is responsible for the reputation of the city as a place of pilgrimage.
Ranthambore was built by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh of The Kachwaha Rajputs and was founded in 1763. While the city itself has no notable tourist attraction, only two attractions have made this city a must-see in Rajasthan . They are the Ranthambore Fort and the Ranthambore National Park.
The forests of Ranthambore were the hunting grounds for the Kachwaha Rajputs of Jaipur until the time when India received its independence. After independence it was established as the sanctuary of the Sawai Madhopur game and it rose to be a tiger reserve in 1973 and got its state of the national park in 1980.
The ancient city of Chittorgarh also known as Chittor, is said to have been founded by the Maurya dynasty. However its significance was raised when the Ruler of the Clan Sisodiya Rajput of Mewar captured the city in 734 AD and made it the capital of Mewar. The place is known to be the birthplace of many great warriors and historical figures such as the Great Maharana Pratap and the Hindu saint, Meera Bai. The city that is an ancient place contains many different palaces, temples and forts that show some of the most advanced architectural designs and artistic mastery.
Explore the most famous places of Rajasthan via Palace on Wheels India which is the popular luxury train in the world.Recommend0 recommendationsPublished in